Many parents are alarmed with the increase of DXM addiction in Phoenix, Arizona. DXM or Dextromethorphan is categorized as an over-the-counter antitussive or a medication to suppress cough. When added to other cough-inducing ingredients, DXM is effective in controlling cough that is associated with allergies. It is commonly given to those who suffer from the flu, bronchitis, common cold, and other lung diseases. It is sold in a variety of forms such as tablets, pills, syrups, capsules, strips, and lozenges.
Because it is not a controlled substance, DXM-containing medicines have a high potential to be abused.
What DXM Does to the Body
DXM targets the brain receptors that suppress the coughing reflex. Depending on the dosage taken, DXM has varied effects to the body. Safe dosages are between 15 mg to 30 mg over a four-hour period. When taken as such, the antitussive effects will last in a timely lifespan. Side-effects that are common with antitussive drugs are drowsiness, nausea, constipation, and minor headaches.
For those who do not adhere to the recommended dosage and schedule, effects that are related to an abuse will become apparent.
The Four Plateaus of DXM Addiction
The Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) identified four levels of DXM abuse. At the first plateau, a person will experience a high sense of stimulation when he or she takes 100 mg to 200 mg of DXM. Visual hallucinations and extreme excitement will occur at the second plateau when a person takes between 200 mg and 400 mg of DXM. At the third plateau, the individual takes 300 mg to 600 mg of DXM to experience euphoria, distorted perceptions, weakened motor skills, and impaired coordination. The last level, the fourth plateau, is where the person will have extreme hallucinations, experience dissociative effects, or a life-threatening sedation. This happens when a person takes more than 600 mg of the drug.
What Makes DXM Life-Threatening
Due to the hazardous effects of DXM to the brain, impaired sensory and perception makes a person become at risk for a lot of dangers. Poor judgment and impulsive behavior is a dangerous combination and can result to accidents. In fact many serious vehicular accidents among the youth are related to being intoxicated with DXM.
Apart from the psychological effects, there are also physiological effects that are due to this medication. DXM may not be a regulated drug but it also has grave effects to the liver when taken orally for a long time. An abuser may develop irreversible liver damage with prolonged abuse of the drug.
Call Our DXM Addiction in Phoenix, Arizona Today
Knowing the ill effects of DXM to the body, it is essential that treatment is pursued as soon as an abuse is suspected. There are different treatment options that could help save an individual from the life-threatening effects of DXM. For more information about your options, do not hesitate to call our Phoenix addiction hotline at (480) 401-5895 today.